The term “minimalism” first appeared in the middle of 1960s of the 20th century and mainly was used to describe sculptures of Robert Morris and Donald Judd. Since then the meaning of this word widened and now it’s used in different spheres – from fashion and music to design and architecture.
Minimalism in design is becoming more and more popular. Unlike other tendencies when strict and cold motifs were more preferable, today the accent is made on softer and live variants of this style. Fundamental principles of minimalism are sharp lines, solid surfaces, low furniture, and pastel shades. Although, lately there appeared softer shapes, more colors and textures.
The main idea of minimalism design is using simple and natural forms. This principle is a basis of oriental style in design, particularly classic Japanese design that became the very basis for minimalism. Famous designers who were the founders of minimalism were members of “Style” art group that was founded in 1917. Designers who prefer minimalism refuse dividing squares and stand for visual combining of planes of a building.